A school teacher in southern Afghanistan was beheaded for apparently teaching girls in a high school. Authorities believe this dastardly act was the handiwork of Taliban who have become active again. Taliban is against educating women and wants them stay indoors. To that extent, Taliban has been successful in Zabul (a district in southern Afghanistan). Of its 35,000 students only 2,700 are girls. In fact, Taliban has been effective in closing down schools as well. Over 100 schools have closed in Zabul district due to security concerns in the last few years.
So, what is the Afghan Government doing? Not much as it writ doesn't run much beyond Kabul.
NY Times: Taliban Behead High School Teacher in Southern Afghanistan (Require Registration)